La Certosa is one of the largest islands in the Venice Lagoon. Its geographical position, less than 200 metres from the Sestiere di S. Pietro di Castello and 2 km from Piazza San Marco, means that it can be considered part of the city centre.
At the same time, the interesting history of the island and its naturalistic value make the Certosa part of the particular environmental and socio-economic context of the Northern Lagoon.
The island has a remarkable environmental heritage, especially in terms of vegetation. It is characterised by the presence of groves of white and black poplars and ash trees, alternating with non-native tree and shrub species (black locust, hackberry and mulberry trees, fruit trees, Japanese privet, Japanese evonymus). In the area to the east of the walled area a light ash wood coexists with a large clearing of coastal reeds.
The Parco della Certosa project, presented by Vento di Venezia with the Majority public-private partnership, is the natural result of island recovery that includes different activities and landscapes.
The project includes the complete recovery of the island for the creation of an avaiable park for the public, barrier-free, realizing areas and equipped trails, the conservation of the natural heritage on more than two-thirds of the entire surface.
The rural destination of some areas will allow the recovery of the island’s horticultural and viticultural traditions, also through the cultivation of native vines.
The ancient remains of the fifteenth-century Carthusian cloister will be enhanced thanks to the creation of structures for cultural activities and training.
The project envisages the enlargement of the moorings for boats and pleasure craft and the strengthening of the support infrastructures for the boating industry, including an area dedicated to moorings for visitors.
It will also be possible to reach the islands of Vignole and S. Andrea by means of a system of pedestrian crossings on floating mobile bridges, integrating them into the local public transport system by means of the existing stop on Certosa Island and a new pedestrian road system, with a view to creating a nautical, agricultural and environmental district.
The work on the buildings will focus on the reconstruction, without increasing the volume, of 46 of the 67 existing buildings, now in an advanced state of decay, inherited from the Certosa Pyrotechnic, a weapons industry that operated on the island until the 1950s.
The recovery and enhancement of Certosa Island is a possible example of territorial requalification, strategic functionalization and sustainable development of underused areas of the municipal territory, as well as an integrated environmental laboratory in which the most deep-rooted potential of the city of Venice and its lagoon coexist, born from the correlation between natural environments and human activities.